- Occupational therapy
- Speech Therapy
- Behavioral Therapy
- Remedial Education Program
- Social Skills Training
- Play Therapy
- Sensory Integration
Why would a child with autism need to see an occupational therapist?
In the case of autism, Occupational Therapists (OT’s) have vastly expanded the usual breadth of their job.In the past, for example, an occupational therapist might have worked with an autistic person to develop skills for handwriting, shirt buttoning, shoe tying, and so forth.
But today’s occupational therapists specializing in autism may also be experts in sensory integration (difficulty with processing information through the senses) or may work with their clients on play skills, social skills and more.
What Does an Occupational Therapist Do for Kids with Autism?
Since kids with autism often lack some of the basic social and personal skills which are required for independent living, Occupational Therapists have developed techniques for working on these needs. For example:
What is Speech Therapy?
Our Speech Language pathologist deals with disorders in communication, evaluation, diagnosis, and rehabilitation of speech and language disorders. Speech therapist integrates all aspects of speech and language development which includes receptive and expressive language, articulation respiration and fluency.
Speech and language pathologists provide a wide range of individualized services but they also support individuals, families, support groups, and provide information to the general public. Speech services begin with initial screening for communication, swallowing disorders and continue with assessment and diagnosis, consultation for the provision of advice regarding management, intervention, and treatment, provide counselling and other follow up services for these disorders.
What is Behavioural Therapy?
Behaviour therapy is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on changing undesirable behaviours. The therapy involves identifying objectionable, maladaptive behaviours and replacing them with a socially desirable, healthier and adaptive type of behaviours.
Who Can Benefit from ABA?
ABA methods have been used successfully with many kinds of learners of all ages, with and without disabilities, in different settings. In the early 1960s, behaviour analysts began working with young children with autism and related disorders. Those pioneers used techniques in which adults directed most of the instruction, as well as some in which children took the lead. Since that time a variety of ABA techniques have been developed for building useful skills for learners with autism of all ages. Those techniques are used in both structured situations (such as formal instruction in classrooms) and in more “natural” everyday situations (such as during play or mealtime at home) and in 1-to-1 as well as group instruction. These techniques are used to develop basic skills like looking, listening and imitating, as well as complex skills like reading, conversing, and talking
Use of ABA principles and techniques has expanded rapidly in recent years. ABA is used to help people with autism to live happily and productively. Today, ABA is widely recognized as a safe and effective treatment for autism.
What is Applied Behaviour Analysis?
Behaviour analysis is a scientific approach to understand behaviour and how it is affected by the environment.
” Behaviour ” refers to all kinds of actions and skills (not just misbehaviour) and “environment” includes all sorts of physical and social events that might change or be changed by one’s behaviour.
The science of behaviour analysis focuses on principles (ie; general laws) about how behaviour works, or how learning takes place. For example, one principle of behaviour analysis is positive reinforcement.
When behaviour is followed by something that is valued (a “reward” ), that behaviour is likely to be repeated. Through decades of research, the field of behaviour analysis has developed many techniques to increase useful behaviours and reducing those that may be harmful or that interfere with learning.
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) includes techniques and principles to address socially important problems, and to bring about meaningful behaviour changes.
What is Social Skills Training?
Socialization is essentially the process of teaching a human being how to live with other human beings.It starts at birth withholding, eye contact, babbling & speech and continues for the rest of our lives.Whether we’re hanging out with friends, going to school, working, playing, reading or watching TV, playing sports, singing, eating. We are experiencing some aspect of socialization.Children who are deprived of the opportunity to be socialized never learn to understand or use the basic tools of human interaction: speech, touch, body language.
Socialization therapy is a group interactive session which focuses on children’s social skills, communication skills, group interaction, sharing, co-operation with group members, turn taking, pragmatic skills and conversational skills.
Remedial Education Program?
When there is a lack of complete development students struggles to learn. By relating the individual learning differences of student’s developmental situations, our professionals develop appropriate activities that meet the needs of the students in individual lessons.
The department of remedial education caters the academic and scholastic needs of children with PDD, ADHD and learning disabilities. We focus on developing the skills required to help the children develop an attentive behaviour.This is a pre-requisite for children to improve their academic skills thereby helping them to enter the mainstream integrated schools.
We work in tandem with other related departments for the holistic development of a child.
Play therapist uses the therapeutic powers of play to help clients prevent or resolve psychosocial difficulties and achieve optimal growth and development
Play therapy builds the natural way that children learn about themselves and their relationships with the world around them.Through play therapy, children learn to communicate with others, express feelings, modify behaviour, develop problem-solving skills etc.
Each play therapy session varies in length but usually lasts up to 30 to 50 minutes. Sessions are usually held weekly.Research suggests that it takes an average of 20 play therapy sessions to resolve the problems of the typical child referred for treatment.
What is Sensory Integration?
Children with sensory integration dysfunction frequently experience problems with their sense of touch, smell, hearing, taste and/or sight.
Along with this they face difficulties in movement, coordination, and sensing where one’s body is in a given space. This is a common disorder for individuals with neurological conditions such as an Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Individuals may be overly sensitive to certain textures, sounds, smells and tastes, while wearing certain fabrics, tasting certain foods or normal everyday sounds may cause discomfort.
This sensory information is then processed by the central nervous system and is used to help our body to develop spatial awareness, muscle tone, postural stability, and self-regulation.
SI gives us the awareness of our body and the ability to use it as a tool to interact with others. For those with sensory integration Dysfunction, their brain is not able to process and organize the flow of sensory impulses properly.
This can impact on a person’s functional, developmental and learning processes.
What is Physio Therapy?
During the session, therapist works closely with the child to encourage muscle movement. During the session, therapist works closely with the child to encourage muscle movement.Socialization is essentially the process of teaching a human being how to live with other human beings.It starts at birth withholding, eye contact, babbling & speech and continues for the rest of our lives. Our Physiotherapists work with kids who are diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy, Muscular Dystrophy, Down’s syndrome, Developmental Coordination Disorder and Autism.
These kids may have difficulties in balance, coordination, movement, gait patterns, increased/decreased muscle tone and muscle strength.
They evaluate and provide treatment addressing these issues as well as to achieve age appropriate developmental motor milestones.
Various approaches, techniques and activities are implemented in the treatment sessions to enable them to improve their functional and performance levels thereby improving their quality of life.
They also collaborate with other professionals providing recommendations for the betterment of the child.